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Risk Analysis of Ship Operations: Research and Case Studies of Shipboard AccidentsRisk Analysis of Ship Operations: Research and Case Studies of Shipboard Accidents

Which are the main issues before you hire an employee in a shipping company (or a seafarer)?

Posted 10/10/2020

Several times ship managers are confused why outstanding employees quit. This is due to wrong job design leading to wrong selection, eg overqualified employee. Here are some tips for assessing a job design.


 1.      Compensation and benefits


It is a fact that compensation is the main reason that an individual works. Therefore when it comes to money the HRM department of a company should provide a fair and transparent environment to the employees. As it was stated in recruitment process an idea of a salary should be offered in first place and a comparison table should be in the company where based on the position, experience, education and expertise a salary range should be offered. Any other practices create an untrustworthy environment between employees and the management. A tricky question to a candidate with respect to his/her salary expectations is god start for distrust with new employees hired in a company.


In a ship management company salary variation could vary significantly however transparency could significantly improve the feeling of fair payment to employees within the company.  If salary is less than this offered by other companies then additional benefits should be provided. Commonly offer benefit packages include extra medical, insurance and scholarship programs.  Occasionally bonus is offered as an award to a great achievement of an employee. Such bonus should be announced and explained to other employees as an example. Another bonus offer especially to seamen is about his/her loyalty with the company usually expressed with long term relationship.


2.      Employment


With respect to seamen a small company will not be an attractive choice. The main reason is that they usually are employment with contracts of 7 to 10 months length. After a couple of months vacations a seaman will seek for employment. For senior ranks a small company cannot offer employment so frequently since one senior office of each capacity is employed on a ship. A smaller firm may have smaller salaries but give faster opportunities for promotion since the turnover will be significant. Consequently a small organization may serve as a training institute that promotes seamen who eventually move to larger companies when their gain skills significantly. 


3.      Employee  Development


Another significant goal for an HRM system is the improvement of employees. Through this goal the competitiveness of each employee should be maximized through continuous support and motivation. It is expected that an employee will be more satisfied when assigned with a job suitable for them and potentials of promotions and/or awards. These conditions will establish a working environment where employees will remain for many years. Long term contracts make employees feel secured. Furthermore the costs initially spent for training and education after a long period should be considered as an investment. In contrast employees that receive training in a company where turnover is frequent is simply an expenditure.


A farther target for an HRM system is to assist a company to create its own managers. The less costly option for a company is to promote employees from its rank with significant service to a managerial position. Those managers will know every aspect of the company and will have the trust from their co-workers. Some people believe that leaders are born and some other that leaders are made. Whatever is the case a company through its HRM system should assist its employees to develop their leadership skills through continuous growth and development.  


4.      Good governance


In the terms of a company, it would also be useful to prove with daily practice that a reasonable human resource management system is in place. This could be achieved by providing frequent briefings to employees with respect to their role into the company. Each employee has his/her own contribution to the success or failures of the company. Furthermore, those briefings should include the completive standards for each position. Modern management systems establish measurement system for each employee. A successful company should use such systems to improve the skills of an employee.

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The Basics of Human Resources Management

Posted 2/16/2019

The concept of human resource management could be described as an organised management system aimed at maximising the skills and abilities of the personnel in an organisation or a company. As an example assume the establishment of a new company. Initially, the funding and purchase of the necessary equipment are essential steps. Afterwards, careful planning will be needed to identify how many and of what capacity employees are essential for that company. Four generic human resource management tasks are typically adopted by any organisation or company even not described in a documented procedure.


The first task in this process is called Human Resource Planning. At this stage, two main steps could be identified. The first one is called Job Analysis (Planning). At this step, it is necessary to understand the essential operation of a company. Those essential operations should be monitored and carried out by skilful people with appropriate training and experience. However, in this stage, it is easy to exaggerate concerning the quantity and availability of those employees in the local market. Therefore it is required to proceed with evaluating the demand and supply of the people needed in the market. This action will assist in making fair salary offers to competitive people. This step should be an ongoing process for a company by executing Forecasting Demand-Supply studies.


The second task is the Staffing of the Organization. Following thoughtful planning then the adoption of a successful recruitment strategy should be applied. Recruitment strategy will vary depending on the labour availability and the specialisation of employees required. For instance, low-skilled labour may be recruited locally through advertisement in local media. While for highly qualified personnel they may be available in foreign countries and/or they can be conducted through special agents.


The third task after the selection of employees should be the Development of the Workforce. This task is a constant effort by a company aiming its continuous improvement. An initial step is to provide training to each new employee. This period should be determined, clear in purpose and strictly monitored. The training period of an employee is twofold; firstly to minimise the potential errors that he/she may do, secondly to clarify the daily business style of the company. Each company has developed its unique management style which may be significantly different from the one that a new employee has been used to or wants to accept.


The fourth task that falls in the human resource management field is the determination of Compensation & Benefits for employees. This task will include procedures for the employees to understand the company's policies regarding their wages and salaries. Furthermore, a company may have developed an incentive & benefits program. A good idea for a company would be to adopt a fair and transparent compensation scale. Such an approach will reduce complains and dissatisfaction of employees which may lead to several turnovers.

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